Five Main Areas

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Five Main Areas in a Montessori Environment

Practical Life

Activities such as sweeping, pouring, sponging, polishing, washing, food preparation, etc., are designed to develop the child’s sense of order, focus, concentration, sequential memory, and an eye for detail. These are fundamental disciplines for further academic learning. Lessons in grace and courtesy are presented to develop social skills.


The senses play an important role in the child’s development at this early stage. The sensorial exercises and materials are designed to develop an awareness and refinement of these senses: visual, tactile, auditory, olfactory and gustatory senses. Sensory education helps the child acquire details and accurate knowledge leading towards a reasoning mind. It is a basis for future cognitive learning.


Language development is an integral part of each learning area as well as special areas in and of itself. Montessori exposes the child to many materials and activities that will enable the development and refinement of vision, hearing and speech as a preparation for more formal learning of language. To develop readiness, the child prepares his/her hand for writing with equipment such as the pre-writing patterns. Through guidance in the way the letters feel, sound and eventually look, the child moves into the simple stages of his reading ability. This approach gives the child a total reading experience that enables him/her to do more than just identify words; it leads to an understanding of the ideas and feelings of the author. Parallel exercises enhance writing skills, both physical and creative.


Everyone is born with a mathematical mind, and we encounter mathematical concepts every day. By using manipulative materials to explore, first the concept of quantity and then its numerical symbol representation, the child develops a clear comprehension of the foundation of the decimal system and operations of addition, subtraction, multiplication and division. Eventually, he/she moves towards working with mathematics on a more abstract level.

Cultural Studies & Science

Cultural studies include art, music, history, geography, science and nature, cooking, and computers. These are taught in conjunction with other interests in order to give the child an appreciation of how the arts, sciences and humanities affect every day life.


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